Actually, we are witnessing preparation for outright war along the lines of the Georgian protocol: first arm separatists, then send in Russian troops disguised as separatists, stir and bring to boil and then invade full throttle. Two other facts need considering. Putin just signed a deal to expand Iran's nuclear infrastructure. Turkey's Erdogan called Putin to complain about Syria, and according to some sources a roaring argument ensued in which Putin told Erdogan to stop trying to unseat Assad and even threatening war if Erdogan interfered militarily. Here's an item in a Turkish newspaper saying so (in Turkish).
Why all this now? In this space I've written numerous times that Moscow operates strategically, with global co-ordination and with precise timing. Indeed, that's the entire message of the recent book I wrote with Douglas Schoen about Russia and China and the New Cold War-that they have a game plan and we don't. Mr. Schoen and I started the project when Putin's rampage seemed likely but still in the future. A couple of years later, as we finished, everything we set out to warn against was happening in the present. It was so utterly predictable, once you saw the pattern. It didn't take much seeing-but nobody wanted to. Now they can't not. Still, we're all mesmerized and irresolute in the face of Putin's stop-go rhythms, his almost incredible mendacity hidden in plain sight, his straight-faced brutality, as he makes his moves. We refuse to grasp the full scope of his strategic orchestration of global incidents. Partly because it seems audacious and cynical beyond all plausibility, partly because we in the West are incapable of it these days, mostly because we shy from sparking a world war. That too is in his calculus. That is what emperors do; they make such calculations and push forward. We still think that empires and emperors are a thing of the past, very 19 th century. But the age of empire has resurfaced: Iran's Shiite empire, Putin's own, the Caliphate yearnings of ISIS, Erdogan's own delusions of a Caliphate.
Repeatedly I've written that Moscow expanded its power during, because of, the ten years we in the West slogged about mired in Islamic wars. Surely Putin didn't orchestrate that interlude, you might say. Perhaps not but he took full advantage. Through his ally, Syria, he made sure Iraq cost us trillions while insurgents came across the border. He knew about war fatigue - a lesson we had taught his ilk in Afghanistan. Now that we're wading back into the mire anew Putin will move his pieces. Surely he didn't plan for ISIS, for the Iraqi army's collapse, for the beheadings that caught our conscience and lured President Obama back into the Mideast? Surely not? Here is a column in which I argue that Putin did just that, via the Shiite crescent's co-ordination, via Assad's deliberate empowering of ISIS, via a gameplan that goes way back to the second war of Chechnya.
Admittedly, I do get a couple of things wrong. The price of oil certainly didn't go up. But that's a side issue for the present. Iraqi PM Maliki lost his job-which didn't seem central and from a strategic perspective doesn't change things. I wasn't far off all else. We ended up fighting side by side with Iran. Putin launched his East Ukraine campaign as we geared up for Iraq. The pressure of sanctions abated, as did initiatives to investigate Iran-Syria money laundering. Much of the fighting is now between Sunni factions in Iraq and Syria, though it took a couple of months longer than I thought. In short, the rise of ISIS helped Putin and his Shiite axis allies. I stand by my argument that Putin exploited, exploits, our Iraq-Syria distraction, may even have planned it. In order to invade Ukraine.
As the US stutters toward a nuclear deal with Iran, Putin has just made it much harder by upping the ante with his own deal to expand Tehran's nuclear program massively. He certainly doesn't want his Shiite ally to turn coat and befriend the West. That would lead to a sea-change. Iran would become a bridge by which Central Asia 's natural resources flow out to the West rather than being bottled up and serving only Russia and China. The Iranians have grown tired of dependency on their former 19 th century imperial hegemony in Moscow. They're also tired of having China as their main trading partner; the Chinese strike very hard bargains and often don't stick to them. Tehran really does want a deal with the West. They may have just blown it. But the US might not be able to backtrack so easily, being now committed to the ISIS war alongside Iran. We've been snookered.
Meanwhile, Erdogan. He didn't just call Putin out of the blue about Syria. He first signed a deal with Turkmenistan for a gas pipeline across the Caspian to deliver supplies all the way to Europe. Is there anyone who doesn't grasp the import of this? A Europe liberated from Russian gas imperatives might even stand up to Moscow's bullying-on Ukraine and elsewhere. Erdogan's friendly phone chat undoubtedly pulsed with that subtext. As in "Hello Vladimir, I'm going to funnel Turkmen gas to Europe unless you stop backing Assad." Hence Putin's anger. Expect more PKK attacks in Turkey and a rise in rebel violence in Chechnya. The pipeline should be finished by 2018. As the Russian economy dives and Moscow's gas leverage begins to crumble, while the US wrestles and wrangles with the Mideast, Putin has to act on his megalo-expansion plans quickly. Facts on the ground. Now happening in Ukraine.
Melik Kaylan, Forbes