Prominent politicians and experts told Censor.NET journalist about what in their opinion was important for Ukraine in the past year. Also deputies and politilogists identified the direction of the country in 2013.
Andrii Pavlosskyy (Batkivschyna deputy)
Of course, the most important event was the election. And the fact that the opposition beat the Party of Regions by party lists, gives hope that the people will strive for a change of power in the presidential election.
Pension reform has shown that it does not work. The Government has an antisocial state budget with artificially declined social standards. In 2012, unfortunately we saw continued usurpation of power by the two families - Yanukovych and Akhmetov. And next year the Cabinet will be controlled by the President's son. Regretfully we are heading back to the feudal system.
Vladyslav Lukianov (Party of Regions deputy)
The main event of the year is probably the successful hosting of Euro 2012. People saw a modern infrastructure. The competition was really bright, a real sporting event. And with regard to European integration and the Customs Union, I can only say that when you have a lot of neighbors, you need to have good relationship with all of them. This year we passed a fairly realistic and conservative budget. Yes, we were a little knocked down by the crisis, but the budget will be a factor of stability in the country because the government is headed by a man who was able to correct the situation even after Tymoshenko.
Andrii Parubii (Batkivschyna deputy)
The most important event is the language law that encroached the basis of statehood and received a corresponding reaction in the community. The second event is, of course, the parliamentary elections in Ukraine which showed new trends in the country, new political forces rose which means the parliament will work more intensely. Next year will be the year that will determine the presidential campaign, since in 2014th it will already be well under way. And the key question remains is where the pendulum will swing - either to Europe, or to the Customs Union.
Iryna Farion (Svoboda deputy)
Values outweighed money. In the first place in the Western and Central Ukraine, and in the heart of Ukraine, Kyiv. This is a huge lesson to those unfortunates who measure by the life by the dollars in offshore, banks and their pockets. This is the beginning of the end of consumerism ideology. This is the highest quality achievement in 2012. As of now this achievement has no desired quantity indicators for the country to start dramatic changes. But the Titanic of dirty oligarchy ran into an iceberg - it's a fact.
Mikhail Chechetov (Party of Regions deputy)
The year was positive. We have not turned the elections into a political war, and did not set people against each other. In terms of image - we held Euro 2012 brilliantly. We are strengthening the European vector and at the same time build normal relations with the CIS countries, without joining the Customs Union. We managed to hold a stable economic situation in the country. The National Bank has the leverage to stop the attempts to destabilize the financial situation. And next year we're prolonging the trend with expectations of GDP at 3.4%.
Natalia Novak (Udar deputy)
Symbol of the year is the infamous Hyundai which freezes in the snow. Ukraine is in the same situation now. A lot of talk that we are moving forward, we are undergoing reforms, that we are getting out of the crisis, and that we are being recognized in the world. In fact it's just a beautiful cover behind which hides a complete inability of the country's leadership to deal with what is happening in Ukraine. The economy is in stagnation, the crisis is in full swing, the forecasts for GDP have failed, and wages are not paid. I don't even want to talk about the growth of production.
Volodymyr Ariev (Batkivschyna deputy)
The main event is certainly the elections which showed distrust to the authorities. In some areas, the elections showed the desire of people to defend their voter rights. And the two negative events are the adoption of the laws on language and referendum. They are both aimed at splitting the country. The Regions eased this task. Next year we are up for a political crisis.
Leonid Grach (Communist, former deputy)
Results of the year are catastrophic, not only in economics but also in the social sphere. The new year will not bring anything good. The human nature demands seats and posts. This quality united all political forces. Udar, Svoboda and certainly Communists. Simonenko is above competition. They get a secretary, a cozy office, and a car with a driver. This is very similar to the actions of fascists. Regretfully parliamentarism is sold out and the parliament will not work for the people. The Rada does not even have a plan of legislative activities. Deputies are busy with their own business.
Oleh Soskin (political expert, Center of Society Transformation Director)
The main event with a negative connotation is the transformation of Ukraine into a backward dictatorial state. Strengthening of police powers, open pursuit of self-interest on the part of the ruling family. In fact, we have witnessed an open seizure of power. The final note was the formation of a "family government", the rule of which the Ukrainians will feel in the New Year.
Oleksii Haran (Kyiv Mohyla Academy Politology Professor)
The rhythm of political life was first of all set by the elections. The Regions changed the law and used it but they did not achieve what the desired. The opposition won by party lists. Negotiations with the EU have been influenced by the political persecution in Ukraine. First of all - Tymoshenko and Lutsenko being in prison. This has had an impact on the negotiation process. Thus, the power cornered itself, as the EU was favorable in our regard and was ready to sign the agreement. Euro 2012 was not used politically. Of course, the championship was accompanied by enormous corruption schemes, but in the end it benefited the image of the country. The Europeans got an idea of the people and the country.