This information discloses details of Russian military's use of satellite communications in the Donbas. According to the information received, the communication is organized through two channels: civilian and military. The following subscribers work through the civilian channel:
- 8605 - Office of the Russian Federation's Defense Minister (Moscow);
- 8615 - communications center (control center) of Russia's General Staff (Moscow);
- 8616 - Russian MoD's operations group (Rostov-on-Don);
- 8630 - command post of the '1st Army Corps' (Donetsk);
- 8634 - command post of the 3rd SMRB of the '1st Army Corps' (Horlivka);
- 8631 - command post of the '2nd Army Corps' (Luhansk);
- 8632 - command post of the 2nd SMRB of the '2nd Army Corps' (Luhansk);
- 8633 - command post of the 12th reserve force command (Bolshoy Log, Rostov Oblast, Russia), coordinated by Colonel-General Sergey Vitalyevich Solomatin, call-sign 'Kobra.'
Communication is carried out using the Russian government's communications satellite telephones (Satellite Communications Federal State Unitary Enterprise) through 'Express-AM' satellites. The military channel is used to communicate with the Russian military forces stationed in the Donbas on a rotating basis.
In this case, portable R-438 'Barrier-T,' R-438-M 'Belozer' and mobile R-441 'Liven' systems have been registered. By the way, the latter was seen in summer and fall of 2014 at the location of the so-called 'Zarya' [Dawn] battalion of the Russian occupation troops. The base of 'Zarya' was located in the former military office of the Luhansk region (georeferencing made by blogger Askai). Here is a photo by press office of 'Zarya' (archive).
Another photo of this satellite communication station was uploaded into the photo album of Sergey Prilutsky ( profile ), a Russian mercenary from Pskov. Judging by the antenna, we see the R-441-OV station on the 'Ural' chassis.
For reference: R-441-OV satellite communication station works through the ESSS-2 [uniform communications satellite system] geostationary re-translators 'Globus-1' and 'Globus-1M' and 'Meridian' repeaters on highly elliptical orbits (including the on-board processing mode and direct re-translation in 4/6 and 7/8 GHz ranges). Also it can use civil orbiter repeaters of 'Express' and 'Yamal' type in the direct re-translation mode at 4/6 GHz. R-441-OV station is designed to provide countermeasures-safe satellite communication for military units and separate objects of operational and operational-strategic command levels. The station provides the organization of secure telephone, telegraph, facsimile and data transfer at the rate of 1.2, 2.1, 4.8, 9.6, 19.2 kbps with similar stations as well as with 'Kristall', 'Dozhd', 'Legenda' and R-439KUL stations. Serial production of the equipment and deployment it to troops started in 2007.
In addition to modern means of satellite communication, InformNapalm's volunteer intelligence specialists have also identified Russia's electronic intelligence means. More information could be found in ' Russian electronic warfare stations in Donbas'.