The bill was presented by member of parliamentary committee on legal policy and justice, Petro Poroshenko Bloc (PPB) MP Ruslan Kniazevych, Censor.NET reports citing 112 Ukraine.
The bill introduces the possibility for any citizen to apply to the Constitutional Court with a constitutional complaint. It describes in detail who can file a constitutional complaint and in what order.
The document specifies the powers of the Court which include interpretation of the Constitution of Ukraine, the determination of compliance of acts with the Constitution, international treaties, and issues that are put to a referendum.
It provides that the Court comprises 18 judges; the institution is authorized if it has at least 12 judges.
To become a Judge of the Constitutional Court, a person must be a citizen of Ukraine able to speak the state language, aged 40 by the day of appointment, with a university degree in law and at least 15 years of working experience in law, possess high moral standards, and be a lawyer with recognized level of competence.
Members of the Constitutional Court shall be elected through competition by the president of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada, and the Congress of Judges of Ukraine. The document describes how candidates are selected and appointed.
According to the bill, a judge of the Constitutional Court is appointed for nine years without the right to be re-appointed.
One of the most controversial norms concerns payments to judges of the Court and their "lifelong payments." Lifetime payments are set as half amount of salary payments (wages and additional payments). Moreover, an annual paid leave of 30 working days and official vehicle are provided.
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