Censor.NET reports citing the official website of the European Parliament.
To counteract anti-EU campaigns, MEPs suggest reinforcing the EU's tiny "strategic communication" task force and investing more in awareness raising, education, online and local media, investigative journalism and information literacy.
The resolution was approved by 304 votes to 179, with 208 abstentions.
"I was given the task of describing the propaganda of both state and non-state actors. We have seen many transformations of it. As regards the Russian Federation, the situation is now clear. After its annexation of Crimea and aggression in the eastern part of Ukraine, many countries are fully aware of its disinformation and manipulation", said rapporteur Anna Fotyga (ECR, PL). "This report, in the course of its preparation, was also a target of hostile propaganda", she added.
The resolution stresses that the EU needs to counter disinformation campaigns and propaganda from countries, such as Russia, and non-state actors, like Daesh, Al-Qaeda and other violent jihadi terrorist groups.
Hostile propaganda against the EU and its member states seeks to distort the truth, provoke doubt, divide the EU and its North American partners, paralyse the decision-making process, discredit the EU institutions and incite fear and uncertainty among EU citizens, says the text.
MEPs warn that the Kremlin has stepped up its propaganda against EU since annexing Crimea and waging hybrid war in the Donbas. They note that "the Russian government is employing a wide range of tools and instruments, such as think tanks [...], multilingual TV stations (e.g. Russia Today), pseudo-news agencies and multimedia services (e.g. Sputnik) [...], social media and internet trolls, to challenge democratic values, divide Europe, gather domestic support and create the perception of failed states in the EU's eastern neighborhood".
The resolution stresses that the "Kremlin is funding political parties and other organisations within the EU" and deplores "Russian backing of anti-EU forces" such as extreme-right parties and populist forces.
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