As reported by Censor.NET, the bill No. 3524 on amendments to the Constitution in terms of justice has been supported by 335 MPs.
According to Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration Oleksii Filatov, the amendments to the Constitution solve three issues: de-politicization and independence of the judiciary, the creation of a responsible judiciary, and judicial manpower reboot.
"The powers to appoint and dismiss judges will be devoted on a Constitutional, non-political body - the Supreme Council of Justice. The functions of granting consent for the detention and confinement of judges will also be delegated to this body. The issue of appointment of judges indefinitely without any probationary periods is also solved by this bill," he explained.
According to Filatov, transparent competition for any position in the court will be also introduced at the constitutional level for the first time ever. He noted that thanks to these innovations in the Constitution, "the judge shall enjoy immunity only in relation to one's functions and duties".
"In all other cases a judge shall be equated to an ordinary citizen," he added.
"Another crucial regulation is that the inability to confirm the legality of a judge's sources of income will be the reason to dismiss one from one's office," Filatov said.
The procedures for bringing judges to justice will also be simplified.
It should be reminded that following the Revolution of Dignity, the Ukrainian authorities undertook to carry out radical changes in the country. The declared reforms included a judiciary reform. In particular, at the end of October 2015, the Constitutional Commission approved the final version of draft amendments to the Constitution in terms of justice.
On Jan. 28, 2016, the Rada forwarded the said draft amendments to the Constitutional Court. On Feb. 1, the draft amendments were recognized to be in line with the Constitution. On Feb. 2, the draft amendments to the Constitution in terms of justice passed the first reading in the parliament.
However, the amendments to the Constitution also require changes to other Ukrainian legal acts. To this end, on May 30, Poroshenko brought in a bill on judicial system and status of judges, which was registered on May 31. In order for changes to judicial system to become effective, the parliament must consider and adopt the said bill as well as pass the draft amendments to the Constitution in the second reading.
Poroshenko's bill significantly changes the structure of Ukraine's judicial system as well as the procedure for appointing, dismissal, and prosecution of judges.
Related materials: Amendments to Constitution