The publication recalls that on July 17, 2014, the Boeing 777 had left Amsterdam, bound for the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur. But it suddenly broke up in mid-air over Ukraine, killing everyone on board. After 15 months of deliberation the official technical report by the Dutch Safety Board concluded that a single, powerful, Russian-made Buk ground-to-air missile hit the plane.
Despite this, there are still at least several theories of what happened, according to the BBC.
MH17 was allegedly shot down by Su-25 fighter jet
As reported, Western defence analysts deride the Russian defense ministry's claim that a Ukrainian Su-25 shot down MH17. The Su-25 is a close air-support aircraft, designed to operate just above ground level, attacking tanks and other vehicles, Nick de Larrinaga, European editor of IHS Jane's Defence Weekly, says. It's "effectively a flying tank", which doesn't have a pressurised cockpit. As such, it is not designed to operate at high altitude and shoot down aircraft flying at 33,000ft (10,000m) when it was hit. It turns out that this heavily armoured fighter jet can reach that altitude only by discarding its weapons. And firing a weapon at 33,000ft would cause it to stall. What's more Nick de Larrinaga points out the Su-25 is actually slower than a Boeing 777, so it couldn't even have caught up with MH17. And it uses small, short-range, heat-seeking missiles, which aren't designed to shoot down distant aircraft.
MH17 was allegedly shot down by Mig-29 fighter jet
This version is based on a fake picture which was shown on Russia's most popular TV station Channel One four months after the disaster. It were debunked shortly after hitting the Internet.
As noted by Eliot Higgins, a former office worker turned blogger, who set up an online investigation website called Bellingcat, the plane would be about four miles long based on the perspective between the camera and the ground, or it would be a normal-sized aircraft that was 300m away from the satellite.
Soon afterwards, another version of the first theory that a plane shot down flight MH17 surfaced. Russia's Komsomolskaya Pravda newspaper wrote, citing an anonymous witness, that Ukrainian Air Force pilot Capt Vladyslav Voloshyn left the base loaded with air-to-air missiles and returned empty. As reported, the captain was agitated on his return and allegedly said: "The wrong plane was in the wrong place at the wrong time." The BBC found the pilot who said that other than the fact that the witness had worked at the airbase, everything else was a lie.
Capt Vladyslav Voloshyn
The no-Buk theory
BBC reporters went to the place of a possible missile launch and talked with witnesses who confirmed that a rocket was launched from the ground on that day.
Plume of smoke from the missile that brought down MH17
Using a drone near the Soviet-style block of flats from where the now-famous picture with a plume of smoke from the killer missile was taken, the investigators discovered that one can see the wires, an unusual, conically shaped hill, and in the distance the alleged launch location near Red October village.
The Ukrainian Buk theory
This version is also based on the fake satellite images published by the Russian side and was previously denied. Also, not a single witness has come forward to say a Buk missile was fired from the second site near Zaroshchenske village - the alleged launch site. What's more, it seems that the location was not even held by the Ukrainian Army.
Eventually, the investigation comes to the conclusion that the plane was indeed shot down from the ground by a Russian Buk.
"As the rebels had no air force, the Ukrainian Army had no need for air defence. In contrast the rebels had to rely on increasingly powerful ground-to-air missiles to defend themselves. Many Ukrainian planes were hit. Just three days before MH17 was downed, the rebels shot down an Antonov-26 transport plane flying at 21,000ft. Far from the front line, a Ukrainian Army Buk missile launcher was demonstarted to investigators. The mass of switches and indicators clearly needs to be operated by highly trained military personnel," the publication notes.