This is reported by InformNapalm in an investigation based on a photograph posted by a militant on his social media page on April 22, 2016, Censor.NET informs.
Counterbattery radar system SNAR-10 "Leopard" is mounted on chassis of light multi-purpose armored towing vehicle MT-LB. It was developed in the 1980s by NPO "Signal" (currently Engels Instrument-Engineering Association "Signal", based in the city of Engels, Russia). It is a coherent radar system intended for acquisition of moving ground and marine surface targets in local terrain setting and protected by passive electronic radar countermeasures, as well as for directing artillery fire. Specific targets for acquisition are tanks, combat vehicles, firing artillery and mortars of an enemy.
SNAR-10 can provide remote detection of the following targets:
· Moving ground targets up to 17 km;
· Ground shell bursts from 4 to 10 km;
· Marine surface targets up to 30 km;
· Water surface shell bursts from 14 to 23 km.
"In this case, the very fact of spotting of this type of equipment is of secondary importance. The more valuable part is its exact position, which can be checked by personnel of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine.
"Reporters had noticed the 1РЛ232 "Leopard" counterbattery radar system in the Donbas before, but those were within moving military convoys without exact coordinates. For example, in November 2014, a "Leopard" was even seen by foreign journalists.
"After more than a year, this machine was once again spotted by camera," the authors note.
For the sake of comparison, a publicly available image of this radar system with an appropriate view angle and better visible features is presented.
The coordinates (48.031347, 37.779703) of the photo's geotag point to the grounds of the former military unit 3004 in Donetsk.
Here are some recent photos of the military unit 3004 on Yandex and Google maps.
"When Soviet military equipment is seen in the hands of terrorists in the Donbas, Moscow's standard line is that this equipment has been "seized from the Ukrainian army." But in the case of SNAR-10 "Leopard" it gets somewhat awkward. During this armed conflict, there has been not a single report of the loss of this type of equipment or its capture by pro-Russian separatists. This fact was also mentioned in Western media, including ForeignPolicy magazine, known for its cautious stance in reporting on the war in Ukraine.
"Coming back to the photos of the militant near the MT-LB mounted radar, it is worth noting that there is heavy fresh dirt (soil) on the tracks of the vehicle, its windows and the whole body are covered in mud, suggesting an active current use of the "Leopard" radar in the field," the authors of the investigation note.
"It is worth reminding that the latest model of the Russian radar system SNAR-10M1 ( 1РЛ232 -2M) was also spotted by InformNapalm investigators in winter 2015 in the battle of Debaltseve. This modification was presented in August 2014 at the Oboronexpo exhibition as one of the latest models of Russian weaponry.
"The hybrid nature of the Russian war against Ukraine is manifested in a multitude of ways, including through mixed supply of legacy and novel types of weapons and equipment. This provides for achieving dual goals: cheap disposal of obsolete and testing of new types of equipment."
Volunteers also reminded that in early 2015 InformNapalm presented top 10 units of weapons, the presence and location of which in the Donbas proves direct Russian participation in the armed conflict, thus disproving the Kremlin's message about "civil war in Ukraine."
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