Censor.NET informs citing international volunteer community InformNapalm.
"In its earlier investigation titled "Google Earth shows redeployment of Russian military equipment to Donbas terrorists" the community revealed facts of equipment redeployment from the Russian territory through uncontrolled section of the Ukrainian border in the area of combat activities. In another investigation, InformNapalm identified the weapons, their shooting directions, routes of ammunition supply, and traces left by shelling. War crimes have no periods of limitation, so we will take a look at border area maps for the time period between September and October 2014, satellite images of which hide numerous interesting details of the fire conducted from the Russian territory upon villages of Marynivka, Pervomaiskyi, Stepanivka and others in August 2014. It's worth noting that these names are also featured in reports by terrorists and propagandists. For instance, a publication with cynical title "Chronology of civil war in Ukraine as of Aug. 15, 2014," posted on Russian website Ruspravda.info, reads:
"Units of the National Guard, supported by tanks, conducted numerous attacks against villages of Marynivka, Stepanivka, Pervomaiskyi. During the battles, the much stronger enemy was brushed aside to its previous positions. Decisive counterattacks by militants allowed incurring losses to the enemy in personnel and equipment."
"The forces involved in operations of August 2014 could be estimated with analysis of satellite images. Google Earth images indicate not civil, but rather military confrontation and aggression of separate state against Ukraine," the authors of the material note.
Screenshot of a satellite image dated Sept. 14, 2014. It shows a howitzer battery of six units, ammunition spots, trucks, and a tent. It is located to the east of Primiusskiy village of Kuibyshev district of Rostov oblast. Coordinates and date are marked in green. As long as the length of the gun barrel equals the length of a truck, it can be assumed it's a 152-mm howitzer 2A65 Msta-B. Its gun barrel length is 7,200 mm, while Ural-4230 truck is 7,366-mm long. 122-mm howitzer D-30 has a barrel of 4,660 mm, which would have looked much shorter than the truck on the image.
To the left there are old shooting positions. They are also visible at an earlier image of Sept. 4, 2014. It can be clearly seen that only five pieces were firing.
The next image in the history is dated Oct. 6, 2014. It shows burned and trampled down areas of land where pieces had been mounted (large black spots on the shots are signs from firing of rocket systems).
Let's draw two lines in the direction of one of the guns. The green line of 6,400 meters is the dead zone, i.e. minimum shooting distance with a service charge. The red line is the impact zone between 6,400 m and 24,700 m. Then we mark craters from the shelling on the map next to the red line. Here's what we get:
Below are screenshots of satellite images of the artillery barrages' spots:
As long as shell craters on the marked spots are seen on images dated Aug. 15, 2014 and are offset to the left from the aiming line, the same as the old battery's position, we can assume that the hits were conducted from the old position. When using artillery, it's important to have ammunition supplied. On the screenshots below, the supply route and a warehouse are marked.
"Thus, Russian propagandistic rhetoric about "Novorossia army victories" and "civil war in Ukraine" is a cynical cover-up of real aggression of the Russian Federation, in the course of which not only hybrid methods of weapons, personnel and equipment supplies are used, but also shelling is conducted from the Russian Federation," authors of the investigation note.
Related materials: Evidence of Russian aggression in Ukraine