As reported by Censor.NET referring to BBC Russian Service, Russia and a few other countries blocked the proposal at a meeting of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Geneva.
As reported by France-Presse, several countries expressed concern that such an annual report might resemble the reports of the Human Rights Council, which they said had become too politicized.
ICRC President Peter Maurer stressed that the conventions requiring humane treatment of civilians, prisoners, and wounded were often violated.
By refusing to support this initiative, the states have missed the opportunity to help protect millions of people, Maurer said.
Although countries are not obliged to follow the resolutions adopted by the Red Cross, the ICRC can have a significant impact on the international agenda, as it ensures respect for the Geneva Conventions being the basis of international humanitarian law.
BBC reporter in Geneva Imogen Foulkes says many international agreements can be reviewed according to the procedure, while it is not the case with the Geneva Conventions.
It was adopted in 1949 to protect the victims of war.
Earlier, on Dec. 1, the law on the supremacy of the Constitutional Court over foreign courts and international treaties passed the first reading in the Russian State Duma.
On Dec. 8, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ordered Russia to pay a total of about EUR 270,000 (about USD 300,000) to the families of four Chechens who were captured or killed by Russia's soldiers in 2000-2004.
On Dec. 10, U.S. Ambassador to Russia John Tefft said the real situation in Russia in terms of human rights was depressing.