This is stated in the report of the investigation posted on Bellingcat website, Censor.NET informs.
"Bellingcat has geolocated, verified, and visualized each airstrike published by the Russian MoD on its official YouTube channel as of Oct. 25. The outcome of our work is unequivocal: the overwhelming majority of Russian airstrikes have targeted positions held by non-ISIS rebel groups posing a more immediate threat to the Syrian regime and its head, Bashar al-Assad," the report reads.
"In contrast, ISIS strongholds have rarely been attacked: out of 60 strikes recorded on video, only one has been confirmed to be both at the location indicated by the MoD and against ISIS; 14 other strikes said to target ISIS were, indeed, geolocated to the claimed locations, but none of those areas are known to be under ISIS control," the authors state.
Please see larger image here.
Bellingcat has published a map by the Russian MoD with color markers showing positions of the sides to the Syrian conflict. Authors of the investigation marked the airstrikes' targets they could identify, revealing that most of the strikes were aimed at territories controlled by other groups, not ISIL terrorists.
Bellingcat failed to identify nine targets out of 60 videos by the Russian MoD.
"In all cases except one where the claimed location was the actual location, ISIS presence in that area was not identified," the message reads.
From Oct. 12 onward (date of video upload), the targets in the description have changed: "ISIS" has been replaced by "terrorists" and "militants."
A screenshot from an MoD video and the map compared
"A substantial proportion of the strikes appears to have targeted locations in Hama, Idlib and Latakia governorates where ISIS has no presence. These two provinces are controlled by various opposition forces fighting against al-Assad's regime," the experts state.
As reported earlier, Human Rights Watch (HRW) claimed two airstrikes made on Oct. 15 in the Syrian province of Homs violated rules of waging war: Russian pilots used a vacuum bomb.
On Sept. 30, Russian air forces conducted their first strike against rebels' positions in Syria. It claimed lives of at least 36 civilians. Local media reported there were no ISIL members in the targeted area, and that Russian aviation was bombing areas where Bashar Al-Assad'd opponents were located. Turkey together with other members of U.S.-led coalition called on Russia to stop bombing Syrian opposition and concentrate on fighting the jihadists.
Related materials: War in Syria