Kyiv has repeatedly stated that due to the annexation and temporary occupation by the Russian Federation of integral part of Ukraine - the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol - as a result of armed aggression against Ukraine, the Russian Federation is fully responsible for respect of human rights and implementation of the relevant treaties in annexed and temporary occupied territory of Ukraine. The letter signed by Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin stresses that certain areas of the Luhansk and Donetsk regions have this status as well.
The letter reads: "In view of armed aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine involving both regular Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and illegal armed groups guided, controlled and financed by the Russian Federation, an anti-terrorist operation is being conducted by the units of the Security Service of Ukraine, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine since April 2014, on the territory of certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine. The anti-terrorist operation is a part of the inalienable right of Ukraine to individual self-defense against aggression according to Article 51 of the UN Charter. The Russian Federation, which actually occupies and exercises control over certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, is fully responsible for respect for and protection of human rights in these territories under international humanitarian law and international human rights law.
"Ongoing armed aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine, together with war crimes and crimes against humanity committed both by regular Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and by the illegal armed groups guided, controlled and financed by the Russian Federation, constitutes a public emergency threatening the life of the nation in the sense of Article 4, paragraph 1, of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and Article 15, paragraph 1, of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.
"In order to ensure the vital interests of the society and the State in response to the armed aggression of the Russian Federation, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Cabinet of Minister of Ukraine and other authorities have to adopt legal acts, which constitute the derogation from certain obligations of Ukraine under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms."