On Jan. 28 in Donetsk, the SMM observed one unmarked stationary armored personnel carrier (BMP-2) inside a heavily populated built-up area in the city center. The SMM also observed movement of seven green colored unmarked trucks, of the types KamAZ and URAL, heading south from Donetsk city center, and later in the day thirteen green colored empty trucks, type URAL, also heading south from the Donetsk city center.
On Jan. 28, on the outskirts of Khartsyzk (25km east of Donetsk, "DPR"-controlled) alongside road H21 the SMM observed a parked column of five T-72 tanks facing east, and immediately after, another column of four T-72 tanks moving east on the same road which was accompanied by four unmarked military trucks, type URAL. All vehicles and tanks were unmarked. Later, in Makiivka (12km east of Donetsk, "DPR"-controlled), the SMM observed a column of seven unmarked military trucks, type URAL, also heading east. The SMM proceeded east on road H21 towards the border crossing point between Ukraine and the Russian Federation at Ulianivske (63km south-east of Donetsk, "DPR"-controlled). While on its way, the SMM was contacted by a local Cossack commander and advised not to approach Ulyanivske border crossing point, without further explanations. As the SMM turned in a westerly direction, towards Donetsk, it noticed intensified movement of unmarked military trucks, covered with canvas. The trucks were moving in both directions on the roads H21 and T0507, which run between Donetsk and the international border.