In an accompanying letter the deputies explain that over 20 millions of Ukrainians fell victims of the communist regime in Ukraine. They were starved to death; tortured in prisons, concentration camps, and psychiatric clinics; died when being deported, in exile, and in forced emigration."
The deputies point out that despite the proclamation of Ukraine's independence by the Verkhovna Rada on Aug. 24, 1991, and the establishment of an independent state, the condemnation of the communist ideology has not happened. But in 2006, a resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe was adopted, which unambiguously condemned the crimes of the communist totalitarian regimes.
Communist ideology is prohibited by law in some countries of post-Soviet Europe: in Czech Republic, there is the law "On the unlawfulness of the communist regime and resistance against it," in the Republic of Poland, the organizations that advocate communism are prohibited by the Constitution.
Similar legislation has been adopted in Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia, according to the "Explanatory Note" to the draft.
"The draft law aims to ban communist symbols and propaganda of the communist ideology, which in Ukraine resulted in crimes against peace and security of humanity, and genocides; to prevent the recurrence of similar crimes in the future, to eliminate the threat to the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and national security of Ukraine; to establish historical justice," the note reads.
The MPs propose to ban the communist propaganda in Ukraine, manufacturing and/or distribution, as well as the public use of communist symbols, including souvenirs, on the territory of Ukraine. They also offer to amend two laws, "On Political Parties in Ukraine" and "On Public Associations," as well as complement the Criminal Code Article 1091 "Production and distribution of communist symbols and propaganda of communist ideology."
Oleksandr Turchynov, Serhiy Pashynsky, and Viktoria Siumar predict that the adoption of the bill "will ensure the removal of threats to the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and national security of Ukraine, strengthen the spirit and morale of the Ukrainian nation," and that condemnation of the crimes of the communist regime will be the key to prevent similar events in the future.