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 Ukrainian Politics
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 Poll: Regions Voters are for Union with Russia and Opposition's are for EU

The majority of followers of the Party of Regions (PR) and Communists support the idea of Ukraine joining the Customs Unin (CU) while the constituents of Batkivshyna, Strike and Ukraine Ahead! are typically oriented for European integration.

According to polls jointly conducted by Democratic Initiatives and Razumkov Center, 69% of PR voters have a positive attitude towards the idea of joining the CU. 77% of the electorate are negative towards joining the NATO. 49% are negative about the EU and 30% are positive.

"That is, we can say that the PR electorate is divided in regard to joining the EU as well as the members of this party," said the head of Ukrainian Sociology Service Oleksandr Vyshnyak.

Interfax-Ukraine reports that 79% of Communist voters support the idea of joining the CU and 73% are negative about a possible European integration.

Pro-European orientation is typical for United opposition constituents (65% for the EU, 57% against the CU), Udar (Strike) (69% for the EU, 47% against the CU), Svoboda (Freedom) (64% for the EU, 69% against the CU), Ukraine Vpered! (Ukraine Ahead!) (64% for the EU, 43% against the CU).

Negative attitude towards joining the NATO prevails among the majority of all voters (Batkivschyna - 55%, Udar - 49%, Ukraine Vpered! - 63%, Svoboda - 42%). At that 34% of Klitschko voters are undecided.

There is a division among voters of major political powers regarding the granting of official status to the Russian language. 94% of Svoboda constituents are against it, 85% - Batkivschyna, 74% - Udar, 53% - Korolevska's party. And the situation is reverse with PR and Communists - 67% and 62% respectively are for the official status. "The numbers of the Communists party are probably related to the fact that the party's constituents have appeared in the Central Ukraine besides the Eastern one where the attitude to the matter is more negative," noted Vyshnyak.

"We can now say that the main and principal differences between the parties are in geopolitical and language and culture views of their voters," said the expert.

Professor of Kyiv Mohyla Academy and Director of Political Analysis School Oleksiy Haran noted that Ukrainian parties are trying to avoid clear cut ideological identification and mostly remain parties depending on the leader.

"We can see that the language issue was raised before the elections to mobilize the electorate (of the ruling party). As to the geopolitical matters - the issue has not been raised yet. And the Customs Union is luckily not on the agenda," said he.

In contrast with European parties economic views are not the criterion in political structure of Ukraine: the majority of voters of all parties are leaning towards the center and think that state management and market methods should be joined in economy.

Voters of all parties except the Communists prefer democracy as a form of the government (from 60% of Batkivschyna to 45% of Strike). At that there are quite a few supporters of authoritarian power among PR and Strike voters (23% in each party).

According to the poll, 42% of Ukrainians think that the parties do not defend the interests of the people but their leaders and financial groups; 38% think that the parties do not adhere to their programs and goals. 34% believe that it is not clear how the parties are financed and mostly by oligarchs. 35% think that the parties have no real connection with citizens.

At the same time only 6% of Ukrainians are ready to finance a party if they are confident that it expresses their interest (10% in 2009). They are prepared to allocate an average of 135 UAH (17 USD) monthly (85 UAH/11 USD in 2009).

"For the past 20 years any regime in Ukraine has been systematically fighting the political parties because they are opponents of authoritarian methods," underlined leading expert of Razumkov Center Konstantyn Dikan.

 
 
 
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