In an interview to UNN the former Ukrainian ambassador to Belarus Roman Bezsmertnyy explained that "If you analyze the situation objectively then you will see that various sanctions have already been implemented. The first thing that the diplomats see is the decrease of cooperation level. This is the first signal that is sent in the diplomatic field to let someone know that "everything is not all right in your country".
The expert explained that in practice it means the decrease of the rank of people conducting meetings (i.e. first the cooperation was at the presidential level, then heads of governments and later on technical level). "In other words, the cooperation exists but it is shameful to talk about it since it is on the level of section heads of some departments. And today this decrease has revealed itself", said he.
According to Bezsmertnyy, the next steps from, for instance, the United States in regard to the country that is sanctioned are well known in the diplomatic world.
"Those are two categories of sanctions: political and economic. The political ones are ignoring the country in holding various international forums, for example on nuclear security, energy, economic cooperation, possibly forums on the matters of cooperation in grain trading, production of oil products, mineral products but this already goes into economic area, however for now at the communication level. As soon as it is clear that these measures limiting communications do not provide any result the other two groups of political and economic sanctions are activated related to more specific actions, for example refusal of visa, creation of ban list. From economic sanctions there may be market access limit, for example when some countries all of a sudden start criticizing some product", explains Bezsmertnyy.
And if that does not work the diplomat says the individual sanctions are then applies related to the leaders of the country. "For example, blocking of the accounts, blocking the accounts of their entourage, blocking the party and regime investors' accounts. Alongside this a mechanism of limiting the country's access to the most resourceful markets is applied. That is, we talk about limiting the country in arms or weapons trading, limiting petroleum, oil and lubricant trading, and these are the most resourceful markets. If these measures do not provide any results that the discussion is taken to international forums, official bodies, for instance the European Parliament. And there the official decisions regarding the government and persons. Particularly in regard to Belarus such decisions were already made", he noted.
According to Bezsmertnyy these decisions have to be approved jointly by all the countries related to the body that is making the decision.
"At that time Belarus lost around 7 billion dollars of profit to the state budget. And these numbers are very serious even if you consider that the budget of Ukraine is bigger than Belarus one.", he said.
According to Bezsmertnyy, Ukraine is now standing on the verge of being ignored at international events. "They can simply not invite Ukraine… The peculiarity of Ukraine being alphabetically close to the US, however they can sit us somewhere among African countries to make sure that we are comfortable… In that world they don't beat you on the head. In a civilized world they calmly show you that you can do whatever you want but then this is your place", he stated.
Earlier, The US Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (US Helsinki Commission) warned Ukraine that if it does not adhere to international standards of holding elections, the Congress will apply the same sanctions as were applied against Belarus.