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 Ukraine reforms slowed down over year against consolidation of power by President Poroshenko, - Carnegie Endowment

The process of political decentralization has stalled as well, for there is no consensus in the parliament regarding the Constitution amendments.

This was announced in a report on Ukraine reforms between April 2016 and March 2017 drafted by Carnegie Endowment, Censor.NET reports.

The report was drafted together with a team of independent Ukraine-based experts.

"In the past year, Ukraine's reforms proceeded more slowly than previously against the background of consolidation of executive power under President Petro Poroshenko, resistance from oligarchs, and opposition in the parliament," the report says.

"With the appointment of his ally Volodymyr Hroisman as prime minister in April 2016, Poroshenko made a big step toward consolidating executive power. The Rada was limited in its ability to control the government, as officially there was no ruling coalition in the parliament, making a no-confidence vote more difficult. Yuriy Lutsenko, another ally of the president, was appointed prosecutor general after lawmakers removed the requirement that the holder of the post must have a law degree, which Lutsenko does not," the report says.

Read more: G7 FMs call on Ukraine to continue reforms, promise support in their implementation

The authors of the document say this consolidation provoked more radical opposition to it: the Donbas blockade being among the options launched.

"Nonetheless, the government of Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Hroisman, appointed in April 2016, managed to sustain the momentum of reform, despite having only a very slim parliamentary majority," the report reads.

"There was progress in reform of the court system and in the fight against corruption. The National Anti-Corruption Bureau of Ukraine (NABU) initiated the first prosecution of a major government official.

"Territorial decentralization reform advanced with the voluntary amalgamation of small communities into larger viable districts. However, political decentralization stalled, while there was no consensus in the parliament on amending the constitution.

"The government started an ambitious four-year health reform program that aims to extend coverage and improve the quality of care, with every citizen guaranteed a basic healthcare package.

"These reforms took place against a background of economic stabilization," the report says.
   
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